The Colosseum is the center of Rome and one of the most well-known and recognized architectural majesties of the world. It was built around the 1st to 2nd century A.D.   This period was the height of not only Rome but also the era of the Colosseum. This location was once where the palace of Nero stood, but due to earthquakes, the palace was destroyed. The Colosseum took its place but once again due to earthquakes pieces of the structure fell off Over the years those pieces were taken to create churches and other buildings in Rome. It, of course, was the largest and most famous arena. It was used for the next 400 years till the fall of the empire due to economy struggles.



The Uffizi is a prominent art museum in Florence. It is one of the most crucial, largest and well-known museums in the world. It contains a collection of many works, mainly from the Italian Renaissance. This growth of art in the Renaissance was expanded by the creation of oil paint.  When it came to Italy it took their artwork by storm, thus you see the drastic change of usage of color. At this time many of those artworks were altarpieces and frescoes. Of course, during this time there was the growth of Humanism which turned many artists to more Classical themes. Other themes for artwork were from modern life then, some with metaphorical meaning and others purely for looks. The past and the people were shown in ways that mirrored either current events or current people. Portraits were also often painted characters from history or literature with a more modern appearance.



The Duomo also is known as the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower. Along the walls of the Cathedral, various contributors to Florence at various times are depicted.  Ironically most of these “contributors” were paid mercenaries. The two sides of the exterior of the church look radically different mainly due to the fact that two different architects designed the structure. You can tell this clearly because the windows do not match throughout the exterior. The church is well known because of its dome that is, in fact, a double shell. The style of the Cathedral is late Renaissance, almost baroque architecture with some gothic elements in the structure. The church interior has many pieces of religious artwork like the Rings of Hell. My favorite piece was that of the Final Judgment which depicted things like fat babies drilling the world to stop it and Father time who later dies because he is out of a job.


The Guggenheim Museum was a wonderful visit. I especially liked the abstract nature of the museum’s art. Jackson Pollock was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He is known for his unusual style of drip painting. He was one of the most well-known artists of his generation. He was regarded as a recluse and even was considered dangerous because of his violent personality  He struggled with drinking for most of his life. He was introduced to using liquid pain in a workshop in New York. His most famous paintings were made during the “drip period” between 1947 and 1950. Pollock’s work after 1951 was darker in color, including a collection painted in black on unprimed canvases.


Doge's palace

The Doge’s Palace is a palace built in Venetian Gothic style. It is one of the main landmarks of the City of Venice. The palace was the residence of the Doge of Venice, the major power figure of the former Republic of Venice. The Palace contained holding cells in the 12th century.  During the 13th and 14th centuries, more prison spaces were built on the entire ground floor of the southern wing of the building. It opened as a museum in 1923. The Palace itself had to go under numerous restorations for a variety of reasons. The artworks also had to go under restoration because of these reasons like fires and earthquakes. Most of the artworks are on their original columns in the 6 main rooms of the museum. The rooms in the museum also contain statues and architectural and decorative works in stone which are part of the architecture of the Palace. Many pieces of art in the Palace have strong political themes. For instance, in one piece there is a lion above Mary.   The lion is the symbol of the country of Venice when it was independent. Another picture shows people crowning the lion, therefore crowning Venice as a whole. The lion is normally bigger than the other figures in the picture, making the point that the lion is more important. The bull represents Europe in another picture. There are many political meanings within the art in this Palace. In the room of the Senate, there is light hitting the head of where the Doge normally would sit because the Doge has to be seen as enlightened, just and fair.


We went to the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, commonly called the Frari. It is one of the greatest churches in Venice and has the rank of a minor church. The church is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. Construction of the building started in 1250, but the church was not completed until 1338. The building is built of brick and is one of the city’s three known churches built in the Italian Gothic style. As with many Venice churches, the outside of the structure is rather plain. The main large altarpiece is a depiction of the Assumption of Mary, the virgin. There are also several tombs within the church. As well as many figures of various Saints in art and sculpture pieces.

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Another painter that made the Rosengart collection meaningful to me was Paul Klee. He, like Pablo Picasso, uses color and lines to his benefit. He definitely had his own style that seemed to be affected by art movements like Expressionism, Cubism, Surrealism, Futurism, and Abstraction. His pictures are normally difficult to determine which style they belong to. His works show his dry humor and childlike outlook,  Even his own moods and values, and his love of music can be seen in his paintings. Most of his artwork is on a small scale. He experimented with color theory. He worked away from his peers and took new art styles in his own direction. Klee worked with various medias and on many diverse materials for his canvases. Through long attempts, he created his own mastery of color and tones and most of his works illustrate these skills.

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